Med COIN-Bloggen kommenteres løbende på dagsaktuelle emner. Vi vil søge at præge debatten, sådan at de skjulte konsekvenser ved nye former for indgreb, afgifter, skatter, forbud bliver gjort mere synlige.
It is a very important sign of strength that several Danish newspapers - and one Swedish, Sydsvenskan - published the infamous Mohammed Cartoons again. The message cannot be misunderstood: we stand up for the freedom of speech and press, even when threatened. The issue captures one of the most important and difficult challenges of the Western world today. Islamic fundamentalists that hate political, religious and economic freedom use violence to make us change. And we have to stand by our principles, anything else is interpreted as weakness. -- Johnny Munkhammar
Free-market reforms have not just produced remarkable economic results in a number of countries – they have also led to re-election for reformist governments, says a groundbreaking new book released today by the Institute of Economic Affairs*.
"The Guide to Reform" by Johnny Munkhammar busts several common myths about reform. First of all, almost all reform-embracing governments in OECD countries have been re-elected. It is also untrue that liberalising reforms have socially adverse consequences: on the contrary, incomes and employment have often increased the most amongst low-income groups. Neither is an economic crisis necessary for reform – several countries have reformed in good times.
The experience of countries like Estonia, Spain, New Zealand, Australia, Sweden, Iceland and Ireland provide important lessons for politicians in moribund economies such as France and Italy. The book visits more than a dozen countries and describes what they did and how they did it. This shows that, contrary to common belief, many countries have actually substantially reformed immigration, health care, pensions, taxes and labour markets.
The results from reforms have often exceeded expectations. The book is filled with facts from well established sources about the results as well as the need in all OECD countries to launch further reforms. Employment has risen by more than 50 per cent in Ireland during the past ten years. Average disposable income has increased by 140 per cent in Slovakia during the same period. Australia managed to achieve a rate of entrepreneurship more than twice as high as in the UK – a whole 14 per cent of the adult population take part in entrepreneurial activity. Spain managed to integrate almost 2 million immigrants in the labour market in ten years. Clearly, there are obstacles to reform, but also ways round them – it is a matter of strategy.
[H]vad med principperne for, hvad staten skal tage sig af? Er der ingen grænser? Ifølge Arno Victor Nielsens udtalelser i Nyhedsavisen er det vanskeligt at finde nogle.
Skyldes terrortruslen imidlertid ikke også andre staters adfærd? Og er disse stater ikke totalitære? - Er det så ikke nærmere det totalitære, der skal bekæmpes og ikke friheden? Her tænkes ikke mindst på de ideologiske og islamiske regimer som Iran og Saudi-Arabien, som alt for mange delvist frie stater ignorerer i sikkerhedspolitisk henseende.
- September måneds sidste kommentar på forsiden er kort og har titlen En grænseløs stat er en trussel mod friheden.
Johnny Munkhammar: President Sarkozy's question "Competition as an Ideology, as a Dogma, what has it done for Europe?" is an invitation to a fundamental debate explaining the economic success of Europe and its future development for the benefit of the European citizens. The European Enterprise Institute welcomes this initiative and presents the paper by Johnny Munkhammar with the introduction by Gunnar Hökmark MEP as a starting point of such a discussion. That the Bourgeoisie had produced more economic wealth since industrialisation than all generations of mankind before has already been stated by many people, including Karl Marx. But why was it the West which became rich? Why not other parts of the world? Why did it start just in Britain and then in continental Europe?
The combination of the values of the bourgeoisie and of capitalism, based on the best ideas Europe ever brought about - the Scottish Enlightenment and the Austrian School of Economics - have kicked off industrialisation and made us rich. At the heart of this economic dynamic process lies innovation created by unfettered competition. The American Revolution started only after these ideas and thoughts and their connected values of the bourgeois had been exported from Europe to America. At a time when Western Europe becomes reluctant to make them flourish in Europe we can watch the world adopting these ideas of European origin and successfully applying them.
EU Enlargement is a great success story fostering the renaissance of the European ideas of capitalism with free markets, competition, innovation, entrepreneurship and job creation as an agenda for a successful Europe. When Communism disappeared the adoption of those ideas and values led to the strikingly successful development of the new member countries. Why have West European politicians not been able to explain this to their own people? We all should be grateful to President Sarkozy for starting a debate about what made Europe successful and what would make it successful in the future. His question has already provoked many quick and simple answers, from all sides of the political spectrum. President Sarkozy's economic ideas and reform proposals require a much more serious, broader and deeper debate.
Læs EEI Policy Paper: What Competition has Done for Europe (pdf - 44 sider)
Bemærk figuren side 27, der viser at DK ligger i den lave ende af reguleringsskalaen. Der kan man også se en generel tendens til afregulering for landene, der er omfattet af undersøgelsen, - og det er jo glædeligt.
Figuren side 29 viser derimod at DK ligger lavt, når det gælder iværksætteri. En vigtig forklaring for DK's ærgelige placering her må handle om den danske offentlige sektors størrelse.
Irlands og Estlands erfaringer med skattelettelser: The countries that have decreased tax rates have experienced great benefits, not just in terms of growth and employment, but also in tax revenues. Estonias revenues have increased every single year since 1994 despite the tax rate being lowered from 26 to 18 per cent. Ireland decreased the corporate tax stepwise from 50 to 12,5 per cent - and the revenue as a share of GDP tripled...
Om "det indre marked" og det næste skridt: The single market has boosted competition in Europe and thus increased European global competitiveness. For the single market, there is a single EU competition policy. There may be reasons to debate some of its implications and analyse its effectiveness. But it has a very important role in curbing national subsidies and protectionist regulations.[..] In global trade, where the EU also has exclusive powers, there is also an immensely important task in working for more openness to trade in the world. The idea of creating a single market across the Atlantic recently supported by Chancellor Angela Merkel is one interesting task..
Danmark tildeles en delt 15. plads i det Canadiske Fraser Institutes oversigt over økonomisk frihed i verden, der udkom den 4. september. Hong Kong ligger på en førsteplads med Singapore på andenpladsen, og en interessant tredieplads tildeles New Zealand. Svenskerne er nede på en 22. plads, som de blandt andre deler med nordmændene. - Læs rapporten her. (Tal for Danmark findes på side 77).
I pressemeddelelsen fra FA kan man blandt andet læse at: Research shows that individuals living in countries with high levels of economic freedom enjoy higher levels of prosperity, greater individual freedoms, and longer life spans. At økonomisk frihed fører til øget personlig frihed er en vigtig pointe, som man i øvrigt ikke kan tage for givet at andre tilslutter sig. Socialister mener således, at økonomisk kontrol øger en "alternativ" form for personlig frihed. Imidlertid har de det canadiske instituts resultater imod sig. Uden respekt for den private ejendomsret bliver friheden illusorisk.
(Set via Munkhammar).
[A]cross Europe, efficiency in health care has plummeted. Whereas private-sector competitors have an incentive to adapt new technologies and reorganize, state-sponsored monopolies have no profit motive driving them to seek greater efficiency. So the taxpayers get less and less for their money.
In 1975, for instance, most Swedish doctors averaged nine consultations per day. Today, that number has plummeted to four. Much of this drop is the result of burdensome administrative tasks, as doctors now devote 80 percent of their time to paperwork. Needless to say, this greatly impacts the availability of care.
- Thus writes Johnny Munkhammar in America delivers better health care than Europe
See also DOCTORS ALLIANCE.
Statsministeren afviser Bendt Bendtsens forslag om snart at sænke skatten på arbejde. Og han beder Ny Alliance forklare, hvor de vil finde penge til at sænke skatten til 40 procent. - Det skriver Berlingske Tidende.
Her er en liste over lande med flad skat, hvornår den blev indført og deres respektive procentsatser (kræver gode nerver for den skatteplagede):
Mitchell bemærker at listen foroven kan være blevet længere, allerede når læseren er færdig med artiklen; men det vil altså ikke være i Danmark: For i Berlingske kan også man læse, at Ny Alliance trækker i land med deres udspil. Måske de næste generationer eller de næste igen. (Har nogen måske sagt, at politiske løfter ikke kunne arves? Dem er der så vidt vides ikke skat på).
I Tjekkiet overvejer man at indføre en flad skat på 15 procent allerede i 2008. Det er et velbesøgt turistmål også for skandinaver, og et land præget af vækst. Måske skulle man overveje det?