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24/07/14

Energipolitik: Hvad har Jamaica, Solomon Islands og Tonga til fælles med Danmark?

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 12:44:38, Kategorier: Energi, Økonomi, Intervention, Vindmøller,

Bjørn Lomborg skriver om Københavns vindmølleplaner, og om hvordan prisen for elektricitet burde falde, men ikke gør det pga af politik

"Look at the long-term price trends of coal and gas, which power the vast majority of global electricity production. Despite a recent increase, real coal prices have been trending downward since the 1950s. In the US, the shale-gas revolution, facilitated by the development of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”), has brought prices to their lowest levels since natural gas gained prominence after the oil crises of the 1970s. With many more countries set to tap shale-gas reserves over the next decade, this downward trend will most likely continue, helping to lower the price of electricity generation ­further. That is why Aurora Energy Research recently projected a significant decline in electricity prices for the next three decades."
http://stopthesethings.com/2014/07/23/bjorn-lomborg-wind-is-a-vanity-project/

Mere om vindmøller her:

http://www.kk.dk/da/om-kommunen/indsatsomraader-og-politikker/natur-miljoe-og-affald/klima/co2-neutral-hovedstad/energiproduktion/vindmoeller/planlaegning-af-vindmoeller

http://www.b.dk/kronikker/hvem-har-styr-paa-vindmoellerne

På Wikipedia kan man sammenligne forskellige landes priser på elektricitet i US$. Hvis man ser tabellen nederst på linket kan man se at Danmark har de højeste el-priser i verden, som kun er sammenlignelige med Jamaica, Niue, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Turks and Caicos Islands samt United States Virgin Islands. Men danske politikere er uden tvivl de mest storskrydende om hvilken succes dansk energipolitik er.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_pricing

vind

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20/05/14

Nazister og andre venstreekstremister præger det græske valg

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 14:45:17, Kategorier: EU, Økonomi, Europa, Grækenland, Euro,

"The radical-left Syriza party is ahead in the first round of voting in Greek local elections on Sunday (18 May), while exit polls suggest a boost for the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn in some areas." - Det skriver EU Observer:

Greek far-left in election lead
http://euobserver.com/political/124175

Læs mere om Grækenlands økonomiske og politiske krise her:

How Far an Economy Can Fall
http://www.austriancenter.com/blog/2014/04/02/how-far-an-economy-can-fall/

Nazister må placeres på venstre side af en politisk skala eftersom de i grove træk tilbyder de samme former for økonomiske politikker som venstrefløjen: det vil sige mere magt til staten, mere regulering, mindre marked m.m.

.

George Reisman: Why Nazism Was Socialism and Why Socialism is Totalitarian
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHpXjm78Pjs
http://www.mises.org/multimedia/video/ss05/ss05-Reisman.wmv

Flere relevante links:

Europe on the Brink -- A Wall Street Journal Documentary (2012)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0FxFvQ_NJ3E

Václav Klaus talks about the future of the European Union at Saxo Bank Seminar in London 2013
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1NF19geyqM

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18/05/14

Opgør med grønne illusioner

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 21:10:09, Kategorier: Økonomi, Økologisme, Dansk Folkeparti, Liberal Alliance, EU-valg 2014, Niels Westy Munch-Holbek,

Det økonomiske råd har i årevis kritiseret dansk energi- og klimapolitik for at være virkningsløs i forhold til den globale CO2 og håbløs ud fra et samfundsøkonomisk synspunkt. På trods af, at denne konstatering er baseret på et solidt faktuelt og videnskabeligt fundament, afholder det ikke regeringen fra rutinemæssigt at affærdige rådets konklusioner. Som daværende klima- og energiminister Martin Lidegaard skrev tilbage i 2012 om miljøvismændenes kritik: »Ikke ret mange er enige med dem, og det er jeg heller ikke.« Hvem de "andre" er vides ikke, men der er næppe tale om personer med nogen større indsigt i miljøøkonomi. Problemet er naturligvis, at det økonomiske råds kritik af den førte klima- og energipolitik ikke passer ind i den fantasifortælling, som er så udbredt både i den danske regering og i EU, personificeret ved den danske klimakommissær, Connie Hedegård. En fantasifortælling og selviscenesættelse der åbenbart vejer tungere end både levevilkår for nuværende og kommende generationer og reel løsning af klimaudfordringen. Om forestillingen om klima- og energipolitikken som vækst- og beskæftigelsesfremmende, gør vi i hvert fald gerne vismændenes ord fra 2012 til vores egne, når de konstaterer, at det er "tvivlsomt om politikere og embedsmænd er bedre end aktørerne på markedet til at udpege fremtidige vækstområder, hvor danske virksomheder vil kunne begå sig med succes."

- Det skriver Anders Primdahl Vistisen fra Dansk Folkeparti og Niels Westy Munch-Holbek fra Liberal Alliance.

http://www.b.dk/kronikker/groen-vaekst-en-farlig-cocktail

http://m.b.dk/?redirect=www.b.dk%2Fkronikker%2Fgroen-vaekst-en-farlig-cocktail&

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10/05/14

Piketty ignoring early increases in wealth and health

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 21:34:25, Kategorier: Økonomi, Kapitalisme, Thomas Piketty, Hoover Institution,

..." life expectancy for the average person born in 1900 was about 47 years. By 1920, that number had jumped to 54 years. By 1998, the number was about 76 years. Throughout this period, life expectancy for females was greater than that for males, even though earned income was greater for men. Try the same experiment by race and the results are still more dramatic. Black life expectancy in the United States in 1900-1902 lagged white life expectancy by 15.8 years (49.8 versus 33.8). By 2010 the gap had narrowed to 3.6 years (78.7 to 75.1). These figures tell a story that is wholly concealed by Piketty’s income and wealth figures. They show the huge positive influence of technological advances on human welfare. Sadly, his lengthy book is silent about the massive advances in basic science, public health, and medicine that fueled this revolution, creating widespread benefits for the population at large. It is also worth noting that these increases were more dramatic by far in the first decade of the twentieth century than they were in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Neither technology nor politics can explain the difference, but greater regulations and higher tax rates can. The Piketty obsession with income inequality conceals more than it reveals."

http://www.hoover.org/publications/defining-ideas/article/177406

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05/09/14

A short definition of the free market

Permalink Af Category: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 11:34:40 pm, Categories: Økonomi, Ludwig von Mises, Liberalisme, Østrigske økonomiske skole, Austrian Center,

"Here are eight points that define a genuine free market economy, or what Mises referred to as the “unhampered economy”:

- All means of production are privately owned.

- The use of the means of production is under the control of private owners who may be individuals or corporate entities.

- Consumer demands direct how the means of production – land, labor, and capital – will be used.

- Competitive forces of supply and demand determine the price for consumer goods and the various factors of production including labor.

- The success or failure of individual and corporate enterprises is determined by the profits or losses these enterprises earn, based on their greater or lesser ability to satisfy consumer demands in competition with their rivals in the marketplace.

- The market is not confined to domestic transactions and includes freedom of international trade, investment, and movement of people.

- The monetary system is based on a market-determined commodity (e.g., gold or silver), and the banking system is private and competitive, neither controlled nor regulated by government.

- Government is limited in its activities to the enforcement and protection of individual life, liberty, and honestly acquired property."

Read more:

http://www.austriancenter.com/blog/2014/04/14/the-free-market-vs-the-interventionist-state

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30/04/14

Ideernes brugtvognsforhandlere

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 00:26:16, Kategorier: Økonomi, Karl Marx, F. A. Hayek, Christopher Arzrouni, Rasmus Brygger, Thomas Piketty,

"[Thomas ] Piketty er i stand til at mætte et marked, der hungrer efter ammunition mod kapitalismen. Marxismen appellerede til en klasse af intellektuelle – “ideernes brugtvognsforhandlere” (second hand dealers in ideas), som F. A. Hayek kaldte dem. I Piketty kan de få lidt videnskab og lidt normativitet pakket sammen til en slagkraftig cocktail, som man kan fyre af over middagsbordet eller i tv-debatter. Uden blik for, at kapitalismen har løftet – og fortsat løfter – millioner af fattige ud af deres håbløshed.", skriver Christopher Arzrouni på Kommunikationsforum om Thomas Pikettys bog "Capital in the 21st Century".

Læs mere:
http://www.kommunikationsforum.dk/artikler/arzrouni-om-pikettys-capital-in-the-21st-century

Aktuel debat: "Har Liberalismen sejret? (Indslag med Arzrouni og Rasmus Brygger fra LA)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IyFi8nftDVA

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22/04/14

Canadisk tænketank: Økonomisk frihed bedre for luftkvaliteten

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 18:07:38, Kategorier: Miljø og Teknologi, Økonomi, Liberalisme, Canada,

"VANCOUVER—As the world celebrates Earth Day, a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank, finds that higher levels of economic freedom lead to cleaner air.

“The level of economic freedom in a country affects the ability of citizens to produce and sell in the marketplace, and own private property. It’s a simple concept that drives prosperity and ultimately benefits the environment,” said Joel Wood, associate director of the Centre for Environmental Studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Economic Freedom and Air Quality.

The study examines the relationship between economic freedom and concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM10) air pollution in more than 100 countries (from 2000 to 2010) using the Fraser Institute’s Economic Freedom of the World Index, which measures economic freedom worldwide."

http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=21093

Dagens COIN-bidrag på forsiden handler blandt andet om hvordan venstrefløjen i 1970'erne satte lighedstegn mellem kapitalisme og forurening.

1970'ernes venstrefløjskultur: kunsten at skabe bekymrede børn
http://www.coin.dk/default.asp?aid=1827

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Frihed og velstand: Canada overhaler USA

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 17:31:23, Kategorier: Økonomi, U.S.A., Canada,

Den canadiske middelklasse er nu rigere end den amerikanske. Det skriver New York Times idag. Her kan man også læse, at europæiske fattige er fattigere end amerikanske fattige.

Læs mere her:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/23/upshot/the-american-middle-class-is-no-longer-the-worlds-richest.html

Canada er også gået hen og blevet et økonomisk friere samfund end USA. Det kan man læse om i gårdsdagens COIN-artikel:

Hvor frit er USA?
http://www.coin.dk/default.asp?aid=1826

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En kritik af Karl Marx' og Adam Smiths syn på profit

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 16:48:21, Kategorier: Økonomi, George Reisman, Profit, Karl Marx, Adam Smith,

"...Wages paid in production are the money that capitalists pay to workers to produce the products that the capitalists plan to sell.
The inescapable implication of this is that in the starting point that Smith and Marx have chosen, namely, workers producing and selling products in the absence of capitalists, the income of these workers is profit, not wages. These workers have sales revenues but they have no money costs of production to deduct from their sales revenues, because no one has acted capitalistically and spent any money to bring in those sales revenues. It follows that 100 percent of these workers’ sales revenues is profit. It follows further that so far from being responsible for the creation of profit and its deduction from wages, what the capitalists are actually responsible for is the creation of wages and costs of production, including costs of production on account of spending for capital goods such as materials and tools, and thus for the reduction in the proportion of sales revenue that is profit. A true statement, in direct opposition to Smith and Marx, is that capitalists create wages and reduce the proportion of income in the economic system that is profit."...

Læs mere:
Overthrowing Smith and Marx: Profits, Not Wages, as the Original and Primary Form of Labor Income. Reisman's Remarks at the Conferral of His Honorary Doctorate from Universidad Francisco Marroquin, July 9, 2013
http://georgereismansblog.blogspot.dk/2014/02/reismans-remarks-at-conferral-of-his.html

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14/04/14

Hvad er sammenhængen mellem velstand, religion og moral?

Permanent link Af Kategori: ØkonomiSimon Espersen, 13:07:31, Kategorier: Økonomi, Religion, Kultur, Fornuft, Moral,

"85 procent af den franske befolkning mener ikke, at det er nødvendigt at tro på Gud for at være moralsk. Det samme gælder for 59 procent af israelerne, men kun for 4 procent af egypterne. Et flertal - nemlig 53 procent - af (USA-)amerikanerne mener at man skal tro på gud for at være moralsk. - For briternes vedkommende er det kun 20 procent, der mener at monoteistisk religion er en forudsætning for moral. Grækerne deles af spørgsmålet i to lige store lejre. Tallene stammer fra en rapport lavet af PEW Research Center i USA (marts 2014).
Undersøgelsen viser også at man i rige lande alt andet lige er mere "gudløse" end i fattige. Blandt de mest fattige lande finder man altså også de mest religiøse befolkninger. De regioner der står længst fra hinanden når det gælder synet på moral og religiøsitet er måske ikke overraskende Europa på den ene (gudløse/agnostiske/ateistiske) side - og så Mellemøsten og Afrika på den anden (religiøse) side."

Læs hele artiklen her:
http://www.coin.dk/default.asp?aid=1825

Debat her:
http://www.180grader.dk/Udland/rigdom-og-ndsfrihed

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